HISTORY OF MARVÃO
TO SEE, TO FEEL, ENJOY … AND NEVER FORGET AGAIN.
The enormous defensive structure of walls and bulwarks embraces the built set, maintaining the entire singularity of the medieval village. Born out of defensive reasons, it is the unique Portuguese fortification that maintained its strategic value up until the 19th century, also featuring a richer military-historical heritage.
Marvão took part in all of the Portuguese wars against external enemies, constituting part of the country's first defensive line. Conquered to the Moors in 1166, this "fortress-village" is populated and receives a charter letter by D. Sancho II in 1226. On the 16th century, the walls are built, including bulwarks, which surround and defend the existing houses.
A unique location... strongly differentiated from other locations, wich the insensitivity of men always tries to unify, to amalgamate in an uncharacteristic "global sense".
Marvão is a Place!... made of the color of exuberant flowers, wich change with the seasons, of "pink land", of cliffs that rip the summits, of rolled boulders and slabs, where the sound of the water travels continuously across the fields domesticated by sweat and knowledge, which give birth to the wine, olive oil, honey, chestnuts... to be enjoyed by those who arrive here and take shelter in this port. From the top of a rocky slope 800 meters high, the village of Marvão dominates the entire landscape.
FIND THE WISDOM IN THE MONUMENTS THAT ARE RICH IN HISTORY…
It begins on the highest point of S. Mamede's Mountain and it's its most important course. Travelling northbound across the council of Marvão, it creates part of the border with Spain along its course and flows into the River Tagus near the dam of Cedillo.
Vale do Porto da Espada
Mostly consisting of limestone terrains, it forms a patchwork of extremely diverse vegetation. On the lower areas, which are farmlands by excellence, one can see cornfields, pastures, groves, orchards and olive groves on the banks of Sever. The slopes, on the other hand, are woodlands, featuring on the northern slope a superb collection of Holly Oaks between Marvão and Porto da Espada.
Cova da Moura Cave
Natural cavity that was slowly explored and expanded throughout the ages as a limestone mine. It is now home to the largest colony of bats in the south of the Tagus.
Located on the council’s southern area, on shale terrains, it began its operation in 1983 and supplies water to several parishes on the councils of Portalegre, Marvão and Castelo de Vide.
Olhos de Água
Spring that flows from limestone soil, it was used to supply water to the public before Apartadura’s Dam was built.
Dolmen at Granja
Dating back to the Neolithic or Chalcolithic Period, this dolmen features polygonal regular chamber and a corridor with 2 parallel pillars, facing east.
House at Cabeçudos
Traditional construction, featuring a circular blueprint and dating back to the Iron Age, it was used up until recently as a housing unit. These rudimentary but rather efficient constructions, which actually formed several small villages, only used raw material obtained locally.
Menhir of Água da Cuba
Dating back to the Neolithic, it is located at the parish of Santo António das Areias, near the house of Água da Cuba. It is 137 centimeters high and 74 centimeters in diameter.
Chafurdão at Lagar dos Frades
It is located at the parish of Santo António das Areias, to the left of the road of Fonte de Souto. This is a construction with a faux dome, with two niches inside, which could have served as a housing unit.
Caleiras at Escusa
These old lime kilns are the testimony of an ancient activity that lasted until a little over twenty years.
Vast granite slabs and monolithic blocks, to the north and the northeast of Marvão, in a greater number in the parishes of Santo antónio das Areias and Beirã. The meager terrains in sight, covered by gorse and genista tenera and punctuated by oaks and Pyrenean oaks, are basically used for grazing.
Penha da Esparoeira
Towering cliff that integrates the quartzite ridge at the parish of Galegos and that becomes a striking feature in the passage towards Spain. This quartzite ridge is an important nesting site for several species, including Bufo Real (Bubo bubo) and the Grifo (Gypsus fulvus).
Marmitas de Gigante
At Galegos, open caves in the slabs of the river's bed, created by the erosion of the water over time.
Vale de Ródão
Pleasing landscape that develops from the quartzite ridge northwest of the village of Marvão. The upper slopes are covered with Pyrenean oak and chestnut trees, while the lower areas are populated by small farms and couples.
Túnel das Árvores
A set of centenarian ash trees that refresh the road linking Marvão to Castelo
Holy Hoaks of Porto da Espada
Sizable forest of holy oaks, which is home to species adapted to limestone soils, among which we find the exceptionally beautiful Paeonia broteroi, which flourishes during Spring.
Dolmen at Laje dos Frades
Dating back to the Neolithic or Chalcolithic Period, this dolmen features a corridor and a polygonal irregular chamber. It is located in a granitic area at the parish of Santo António das Areias.
Menhir at Pombais
Dating back to the Neolithic, it is situated on a hill that dominates the landscape. It is more than 3 meters tall.
Chafurdão da Mouta Raza
Dating back to the Upper Middle Age, it is located to the northeast, approximately 300 meters from a Paleo-Christian necropolis at Beirã. With an internal diameter of 5.35 meters, it features 3 indoor niches and a south-facing door.
Necropolis of Mouta Raza III
Dating back to the Upper Middle Age, it is located at the parish of Beirã. It comprises 13 graves excavated directly in granite stone, of which only five fail to present an anthropomorphic form.
S. Salvador da Aramenha
Main square of the village, home of the second oldest parish in the municipality of Marvão. This town, which lies within the perimeter of the ancient city of Ammaia, survived the fall of the Roman Empire and remained here.
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IMAGENS CEDIDAS PELA CAMÂRA MUNICIPAL DE MARVÃO